Will the BMW E46 M3 Become a Future Classic Car?

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After the E30, and as we entered the nineties, the E36 M3 was introduced, and today we’re already starting to see some crazy price tags for clean examples of those. At the turn of the century BMW acquainted us with their third iteration, the E46 M3.

It’s incomprehensible to think that the E46 could ever reach the heights we’re seeing from the E30, simply due to the difference in the numbers produced, but now that prices start at under £10k for the E46, would it be wise to snap one up in the hope of seeing a more modest return?

BMW E46 M3 performance

The E46 M3 had a 3.2 litre straight-six that produced 343bhp, and achieved a 0-60 time of five seconds.

The twin dual exhausts and flared wheel arches showed that the M3 meant business, but in a somewhat subtle and perhaps more refined manner than we see with some of today’s equivalents.

As with all M cars, you knew you were going to be in for a treat once you got it out on the open road. The effortless acceleration and sublime handling had motoring journalists salivating, with many proclaiming it to be the ‘best M3 yet’. A bold statement, given the E30’s aforementioned prowess.

A red BMW E30 M3, and a gray BMW E46 M3 CSL
An E30 M3 alongside the E46 M3 CSL

BMW E46 M3 production numbers

There were 85,766 BMW E46 M3s produced in total, including 56,133 coupes and 29,633 convertibles.

Its production run lasted from 2000 until 2006 when it was replaced by the controversial V8 powered E90. Total production numbers were around 14,000 more than the E36 M3 that came before it, and over five times more than the E30 M3 from the eighties.

The E46 was incredibly popular from day one, and with its timeless looks, continues to be today. A quick check on our favorite used car sales sites show a number of cars up for sale, with prices starting at an incredible $12,000 in the US and £10,000 in the UK. Excellent, an affordable M car, time to get the chequebook out then.

But hang on, we should know by now that in the world of car investment, if something sounds too good to be true, it usually is. If you’re seriously looking at one of these for investment purposes, you’re going to need to look a little harder, and dig a little deeper.

BMW E46 M3 market

Whilst many are already considering the E46 M3 a classic, it’s now between 15 and 20 years old. We like to call this the ‘minefield phase’ here at The Car Investor.

A significant proportion of these cars will inevitably have fallen into the hands of people who were lured in by the relatively cheap asking price, and then prioritised buying new rims and adding random plastic stuff to the bodywork, rather than splashing out on the maintenance an M car needs to survive into its later years.

The same people would now love to sell you their M3 at a bargain rate.

A black BMW E46 M3 Cabriolet
BMW E46 M3 Convertible

BMW E46 M3 buyer’s guide

So how do you avoid getting burnt? A good way to narrow your search would be to take into consideration some of the factors that car investors will be looking for in years to come.

Firstly, the gearbox. The E46 M3 came with a choice of two; a six-speed manual, and the second generation of their sequential manual gearbox (SMG II). Whilst it is still technically the same gearbox, it only has two pedals and gears are changed by a pump linked up to the car’s steering wheel paddles.

The former is much preferred by investors, and given the choice we’d pick the manual too. However, that’s not to say it’s to everyone’s taste; we’re aware of a number of enthusiasts who enjoy the SMG version just as much, despite what you’ll read online.

Another consideration needs to be whether you go for a coupe or a convertible. Whilst you can show off a bit more in the convertibles, and they’re far more fun in the summer, it’s well known that investors will generally prefer the thoroughbred, more stable coupe version of any sports car.

Mileage and service history are always important factors when purchasing a used car, but are even more relevant here. The E46 3 Series was a great motorway cruiser, and despite its sportier ride the M3 was too.

You’ll come across many examples that have over 150k miles on the clock, and whilst the E46 is more than capable of doing well over 200k miles if it’s been maintained, it does mean that you’ll need to be even more thorough in your paperwork checks.

M cars are not cheap to run, and if the necessary servicing hasn’t been carried out throughout its lifetime, you’re going to find yourself with a pretty big hole in your pocket when you do have to get some work done.

Once you’ve considered these factors and whittled down your search, you’ll find that actually manual, low-mileage, well serviced coupes aren’t so common, and you’re now starting your search at a much higher price point.

The red interior of a BMW E46 M3

Will the BMW E46 M3 be a future classic?

Many already consider the E46 M3 to be a modern classic, and values of the best examples will continue to rise in the future.


As we’ve mentioned, there were plenty built and plenty remain on the roads today. But that’s not to say it will always be that way.

Over the next few years numbers will start dropping as the poorer examples are parted out, crashed or sadly left to rot, and it will become harder to find the manual coupes that we’ve touted as being the most popular models amongst future investors.

E46 M3 Styling

Many consider the E46 M3 and the E39 M5 to be the pinnacle of styling in BMW’s recent history. The E46 didn’t have the brash styling that today’s M cars have, and is rather more simplistic and refined. But we like that.

In our opinion here at The Car Investor, the E46 is simply one of the best looking 3 Series ever built.

Price when new

When it reached the UK in 2001 it cost nearly £40k from new, and was £9k more than the next in its class, the 330ci. In the USA you could expect to pay well over $50k for a well-specced model. Expensive, but not extortionate in comparison to some of the cars we review here, which goes some way to explaining why it was so popular from day one.

E46 M3 Running costs

It’s no secret that M cars are more expensive to run than your average BMW, and this is no exception. It does, however, come from a time when cars were simpler. Sure, the E46 had its fair share of electronics, but it was nothing on today’s touch-screen generation.

The infamous subframe issue is the one to do your research on before buying, as this could set you back thousands.

MPG will be in the mid-20s, and you’ll be paying upwards of $700 / £500 for a full service.

Cult following

M cars in general have one of the biggest followings of all, and the E46 M3 is a favourite amongst fans. There are various online forums dedicated to the E46 specifically, and there’s bound to be a BMW Car Club in your country that will look after you at classic car events.

With the controversial styling on the modern BMW 3 and 4 Series cars (which even made our list of the world’s ugliest cars), people are looking back even more fondly on the E46 generation.

Is the BMW E46 M3 going up in value?

Values of the E46 M3 have started rising in recent years, and this upward trend is expected to continue. Despite it not being the rarest M car, it’s still a very sought-after model.

In recent years these M3s have been cheap enough to ensure that a fair few have fallen into the wrong hands, but we’re now moving past that stage which means that good, clean examples will become harder to find.

If history tells us anything, then now would be an ideal time to pick up a bargain, as long as it’s up to investment standard.


We love the E46 M3, and think it’s one of BMW’s all-time greats. If you’re looking to invest in one then spend a bit more and pick the specification we’ve detailed or similar, and it will pay off in the long-run.

That said, this is still absolutely capable of being a daily-driver, so if SMG is your thing then don’t let us put you off… you’ll still have one hell of a car on your driveway.

Before long these will be out of many people’s reach, so if you’ve always wanted one then it would be wise to act now before it’s too late. We love it here at The Car Investor, and would absolutely invest today.

6 thoughts on “Will the BMW E46 M3 Become a Future Classic Car?”

  1. Cesar Gonzalez

    I have an Alpine White III, 2002 european model E46 m3 with 52.000 kilometers, SMG, black nappa leather interior, in pristine original condition. Excellent car, beautiful to look at.. IMHO the best M3 ever made.. I also have an E36 euro spec M3 coupe 3.0, mugello red, 1994, also in original condition, it is very fast and well balanced but E46 M3 is superior. Have both cars in Venezuela and love them. They are both on the mregistry.com..

  2. SMG should rise in value in the long run. It epitomizes what the e46 was about – track technology brought to the civilian market. Hello caugh caugh CSL…It also marks a unique technology that was misunderstood by many. The arguments and judgement cast by most are actually a positive – there is no such thing as bad press right?

    Manuals come in almost all variants of sports cars and are basically the same across all years. The SMG was only offered by the M cars and was a vast departure from any other type of transmission at the time. It really sparked the modern DCT shift in transmissions. When we are all in flying cars and they have an ancient e46 in a museum, it will be the SMG. It has the best story to tell after all. That is what stays in history books.

    1. Nice try, but a rather lame defense of the infamous SMG. It is miserable enough to detract from an otherwise lovely car – the E46 M3
      Conversions to manual are somewhat popular, but a properly done example is expensive and very time consuming. Much better to find an original six speed…

      1. Correct mine had an SMG that failed last year at 75k miles and I did the swap to a manual 6 speed. Was expensive but car is more fun and responsive to drive with better long term reliability. Also keep an eye on the VANOS system known to fail. I fixed mine and plan to do the subframe repair soon to have a solid future classic. New BMW cars are boring.

  3. I have a late 2003 Imola red cabriolet with red leather interior and manual gearbox. It has done 50000 miles. A beatiful car to look at and great performance. I have owned both e30 and e36 M3’s plus Porsche 911, but my prese.nt car is a keeper. I can only se the value going up because it is a great car. In my humble opinion, a reallygood time to invest in one.

  4. Good article! What ever model E46 M3 you choose all depends on what you want the car for!
    I’ve got a C63 AMG and a manual Porsche 997 on one side of my garage the other I have a lovely original fully loaded M3 SMG convertible and it’s perfect for what I want – 2k/3k summer miles blasting around Devonshire countryside with the roof down, the cab with its SMG box is brilliant …. however most articles you read would put you off that model !?!

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Adam Chinn writes about the intersecting worlds of classic cars, driving pleasure, and smart investment strategies. Starting his journey at 26, he’s proven that one doesn’t need to be wealthy to begin investing in classic cars.

Adam’s insights have been recognized on platforms such as MoneyInc, Swagger Magazine, and Top Speed.

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